"The red and the Black" belongs to the beginning of Realism. It is a story about the dynamic life of Julien Sorel and its tragic end. The novel is divided into two parts and it has an educational purpose. This genre first appeared in Germany and it states chronologically the main character’s important life parts. The … [Read more...] about The Red and the Black
Marie-Henri Beyle Stendhal was a French novel writer and narrator. He was bron in France on January 23rd 1783. When he was only seven he lost his mother and grew up with his father who couldn’t stand him.
He went to school in Grenoble where his father worked as a lawyer and in 1799 he went to study in Paris. After a short period of time he gave up his studied and joined the army. In 1800 he ended up in Milan as an sublieutenant.
After two years he left the army and went to Grenoble and Paris where he got serious about his writing and published some works. In 1806 he joined the army again for seven years and then he left it again due to health issues.
In 1814 he came back to Milan and stayed there for seven years. When he was accused of espionage he was forced to return to France. There he started using his pseudonym Stendhal.
Between 1821 and 1830 he lived in Paris and published biographies of famous authors. He went to Italy again and published his first novel "Armance".
After the revolution in 1830, during the monarchy of Louise Philippe, he worked as a consul in Trieste. Before leaving he finished his true story based novel "The red and the Black" which was published in 1830.
His second novel "The Charterhouse of Parma" made him famous and the novel was about Italy, Napoleon and his adventures.
After the revolution he was assigned to a small port Civitavecchia in Italy. On his journey back to Paris he died on March 23rd, 1842.
Stendhal was the author of many books about Italian music and art and he even wrote some travel journals. Even though "The Red and the Black" made him famous during his lifetime, he acquired real fame and made an influence on the literature world in the second half of the 19th century.
Many of his works were published after his death and he left behind many unfinished works. He contributed to the establishment of many genres because during his life novels didn’t have the reputation they have today.