L'Impromptu de Versailles book report - detailed analysis, book summary, literary elements, character analysis, Jean Baptist Moliere biography, and everything necessary for active class participation Analysis L'Impromptu de Versailles is Jean Baptist Moliere's comedy which belongs to Classicism, a literary movement … [Read more...] about L'Impromptu de Versailles
Jean-Baptiste Poqelin Moliere was born on January 15th, 1622, and, besides Racine and Corneille, is one of the most famous French comedy writers of the golden era.
His mother died while he was young and Moliere was never close to his father, Jean Poquelin who held a prestigious office in the court of Louis XIII. Poquelin purchased the position and planned to pass it down to his son, but Moliere had different ideas.
He attended school at the Jesuit College de Clermont, but at the age of twenty-one, Moliere dropped out of school so he could concentrate on plays. He and the actress, Madeleine Bejart opened a theater together called the Illustre Theatre.
Although Madeleine's brother and sister helped them with their performances, the theater went bankrupt in 1645. Moliere was imprisoned for 24 hours, but the debts were paid by his father. After this, he adapted his stage name to Moliere. The reason for this could have been that he did not want to embarrass his father. The court of Louis XIV has made actors more fashionably accepted in society, but they still couldn't be buried in consecrated ground.
For the next twelve years, Moliere and his troupe traveled throughout France organizing plays. Moliere had a talent for mockery which was evident. Along the way, he acquired a patron. Armand was the Prince of Conti of the House of Bourbon, and the governor of Languedoc. Moliere lost his patronage after Armand incurred syphilis and became religious. Then Armand joined with a group of zealots who boycotted Moliere's risque plays. When Moliere finally returned to Paris, he had developed some notoriety.
In Paris, he rented the Louvre, which was a theater at the time, and performed for the King in 1658. His troupe was a success and awarded the title of Troupe de Monsieur. While Moliere wrote plays in a comedic style, he used humor to criticize the customs of France at that time.
Except for being a writer, Moliere was also a screenwriter and contributed to the development of humorous satire. He planned on becoming a lawyer but he gave up and decided to dedicate his life to the theater where he worked as an actor, writer, and director until the end of his life.
He wrote 33 comedies, some of them were in verse, while some of them were in prose. They're believed to be used as a representation of French society in the 17th century. Moliere always tried to give a detailed description of the social layers and their characteristics. He was judgmental and laughed out everything that wasn't in harmony with the nature that he believed was the symbol of intellect.
His most famous comedies are: "The School for Husbands", "Tartuffe", "The Misanthrope", "Don Juan". He wanted to write tragedies but he became famous for his burlesques that were performed after the tragedies. Later on, he dedicated himself to writing musical comedies. He suffered from tuberculosis and, just a few minutes later after the show started, he coughed blood on stage and died on February 17th, 1673 in Paris.
Don Juan is a comedy performed in five acts. It was written by Moliere and first performed at the Theatre du Palais-Royal in 1665. Moliere played the part of Sganarelle, Don Juan's valet and moral compass. Because the religious leaders of the time in Paris thought the play mocked their beliefs, they insisted on … [Read more...] about Don Juan
"The Miser" is one of the most famous and performed comedies by Moliere. It was the peak of the worldwide drama making and an inspiration for many other writers. The theme and the main inspiration of the work emerged from one of the capital human diseases - greed and miserliness. Miserliness is a theme that could be … [Read more...] about The Miser
The time in which Moliere made his famous works was classicism. It started in the mid 17th century and lasted until the end of the 18th and it was strongly developed in France. The authors paid close attention to the form, content and style of writing and all of those characteristic were inherited from the ancient … [Read more...] about Tartuffe
"The Imaginary Invalid" is a comedy-ballet by Jean Baptist Moliere in three acts. The work has the characteristics of an opera and a play and it was very popular during the reign of Louise XVI., and it was often preformed in his castle. The performances were great spectacles in which the text would intertwine with … [Read more...] about The Imaginary Invalid
Moliere’s work "The Misanthrope" talks about the sincerity of human’s emotions. In a world where honesty is a virtue but also an illusion everything is based on corruption, lies, money and the author wants to make us believe those who speak the truth. Moliere deeply believes that only on truth can one base his life. … [Read more...] about The Misanthrope